The first Argentinian grapevines were planted in 1550 by the Spanish settlers who conquered South America. The vineyard experienced a strong period of growth from 1936 until 1980 when it reached 220,000 hectares in size.
Tremendous dynamism vaulted the country to fifth palce in the world market. It relies on a range of grape varieties starting with the famous red grape variety malbec, which comes from France. Several original varieties - called "creole" - were acquired by cross-breeding grape varieties.