Burgundy contains 25 percent of the French AOC. This region, which differentiates 5 territories of production, is an extraordinary patchwork of terroirs.
The best give birth to wines with assertive personalities, with spellbinding and sensual aromas. Their power to fascinate is very strong, starting with mythical and rare Romanée-Conti, the most precious wine in the world.
Several quality levels were differentiated. At the first level of the range, there are 23 generic appellations of Burgundy. They are simple wines that are drinkable in the year of their bottling, notably Bourgogne grand ordinaire, Bourgone aligoté or Bourgogne-Passetoutgrain.
Then there are the 44 communal appellations or "villages". The vineyard of every "village" is divided into crus, which are called in Burgundy "climates".
The best climates (635 in total) are classified as grand crus.
Supreme differentiation, 33 climates were classified great vintages. They are indicated by their only name of vineyard, without indication of village. As for instance Chambertin, in Gevrey-Chambertin.
However, it is well necessary to understand that vatfuls of villages can outclass in the tasting of great vintages badly produced by winegrowers. The choice of a good wine domain is therefore key. Burgundy because of its complexity, initially classified its best terroirs were classified and not its wine domains, as did happen in the Bordeaux region.
Both grape varieties the most typical of Burgundy are the chardonnay, in white, and the black pinot, in red and in rosé. In rare exceptions, they are not put together with other grape varieties as in Rhône or Bordeaux region, for instance. <\br>